Machame Route

Considered to be the most beautiful and attractive route up Mount Kilimanjaro compared to other climbing routes, Machame Route is suitable for more adventurous mountain hikers who wish for a more physically demanding climb than what Marangu or Rongai routes has to offer.
Machame route is presently the most common route despite its higher degree of difficulty and climbers physical exhaustion, so you can expect to not be alone on this route as to ascend to the summit of Kilimanjaro.



Trekking from Machame Gate to Machame Camp

Distance: 11 km/7 miles

Elevation: 5,380 ft to 9,350 ft

Hiking Time: 5-7 hours

Habitat: Rain Forest

Group will leave Moshi to Machame Gate takes less an hour to arrive. The drive passes through Machame villages located on the lower slopes of the Kilimanjaro Mountain. Once all official registration and briefing are done we will leave the park gate, we walk through the dense rain forest on ever winding trail until we reach the Machame Camp.


Trekking from Machame Camp to Shira 2 Camp

Distance: 5 km/3 miles

Elevation: 9,350 ft to 12,500 ft

Hiking Time: 4-6 hours

Habitat: Heath

We leave the openings of the rain forest and continue our trek on an ascending path up to a steep, rocky ridge. On the Shira Plateau, here we will pass across heather and open moorlands, then cross a large river gorge to Shira 2 Camp.


Trekking from Shira 2 Camp to Lava Tower

Distance: 7 km/4 miles

Elevation: 12,500 ft to 15,190 ft

Hiking Time: 4-5 hours

Habitat: Alpine Desert

Trekking from Lava Tower to Barranco Camp

Distance: 3 km/2 miles

Elevation: 15,190 ft to 13,044 ft

Hiking Time: 2-3 hours

Habitat: Alpine Desert

We will continue a trek to the east up a ridge and then head southeast towards the Lava Tower a 300 ft tall volcanic rock formation. Afterwards we will descend down to Barranco Camp through the strange but stunning Senecio Forest to an altitude of 13,000 ft.

Although on this day you will have begun and end the day at the same elevation, this time spent at higher altitude is very helpful for acclimatization.


Trekking from Barranco Camp to Karanga Camp

Distance: 5 km/3 miles

Elevation: 13,044 ft to 13,106 ft

Hiking Time: 4-5 hours

Habitat: Alpine Desert

A day will start by descending into a ravine to the bottom of the Great Barranco Wall. Then we will hike the non-technical but steep cliff, nearly 900 ft. From the highest point of the Barranco Wall we cross a number of hills and valleys until we reach Karanga Valley with a sharp descend.  And then just one steep climb we will reach Karanga Camp. This is also a shorter day specifically meant for acclimatization.


Trekking from Karanga Camp to Barafu Camp

Distance: 4 km/2 miles

Elevation: 13,106 ft to 15,331 ft

Hiking Time: 4-5 hours

Habitat: Alpine Desert

We will depart from Karanga and make way to the junction which connects with the Mweka Trail. We proceed up to the rocky section to Barafu Hut. Reaching this point, you will have completed the Southern Circuit, which give you amazing views of the Kilimanjaro summit from many different angles.

We will make camp, rest and enjoy an early dinner to organize for the summit day. From this camp you will have a perfect view of two Kilimanjaro peaks Mawenzi and Kibo that offers enough motivation for the summit day.


Trekking from Barafu Camp to Uhuru Peak

Distance: 5 km/3 miles

Elevation: 15,331 ft to 19,341 ft

Hiking Time: 7-8 hours

Habitat: Arctic

Descend from Uhuru Peak to Mweka Camp

Distance: 12 km/7 miles

Elevation: 19,341 ft to 10,065 ft

Hiking Time: 4-6 hours

Habitat: Rain Forest

Around midnight, we begin to progressively push to Uhuru peak. This is the most mentally and physically demanding part of the trek. There will be extreme wind and cold at this elevation. We will ascend in the darkness luckily with the moonlight over our heads for several hours while taking short, breaks.

Coming to Stella Point (18,900 ft), you will be satisfied with the most magnificent sunrise coming over from Mawenzi Peak. And finally, we arrive at Uhuru Peak the highest point on Mount Kilimanjaro, the rood of Africa and the crown of Tanzania.

After spending a few moments at Uhuru peak taking all in from the plains of Africa and your triumph, we will descend to Mweka Hut camp site, stopping at Barafu for lunch. The track is very rocky and can be quite challenging on the knees using trekking poles will be helpful.

Mweka Camp is located in the upper forest and mist or rain can also be expected in the late afternoon.

Later in the evening, we will gather and enjoy our last dinner on the mountain, telling stories of the grater accomplishments and take a well-deserved sleep.


Descend from Mweka Camp to Mweka Gate

Distance: 10 km/6 miles

Elevation: 10,065 ft to 5,380 ft

Hiking Time: 3-4 hours

Habitat: Rain Forest

On this last descending day, we will proceed to Mweka Gate and collect the summit certificates of success. At this lower elevations trails can be wet and muddy. From the gate, we carry on for another hour to Mweka Village. Afterwards you will be transferred back to a hotel in Moshi.

Essentials Items:

 Solid Hiking Boots- Boots should have high ankle support with a solid Vibram®, or equivalent, sole. Gore Tex®, or other waterproofing, is recommended to have for wet days as well as added insulation. Be sure to break your boots in at least 4 WEEKS prior to departure. Additionally, bring a spare set of laces.

Sun Glasses – Your sun glasses should have 100% UV protection and should reduce glare as well as visible light. The frames should be light weight with a wrap-around design for enhanced grip and staying power. Additionally, side shields are recommended to block peripheral light.

Day Pack – The most important things to look for if you need to purchase one are size (30L is good), hydration pack compatibility, hip and chest straps, internal frame, good padding on shoulder straps, and water bottle holders.

Water/Wind proof Jacket – Your water/windproof jacket is your outer water repellent layer.  Gore Tex, seam-sealed is recommended as well as a hood for added warmth.


Water/Wind proof Pants – Your water/wind proof pants will be worn on summit day as well as on rainy afternoons. These pants are essential for warmth and should be Gore Tex lined and have lower leg zips.

Water/Wind proof Mittens or Gloves – These are used for extreme temperatures and primarily worn on summit day. Be sure your gloves or mittens have a wrist cords as well as a reinforced palms to maintain grip during wet conditions. A removable liner is essential for drying, washing, and replacing.

2 large duffel bags – One we will leave at the hotel in Arusha to store non-essential gear when on the mountain (such as clean clothes for changing when off the mountain and for onward travel) and the other for carriage by the porters when on the mountain.


Things to Keep in Mind about the Essentials

Look for items that will add less volume to your overall pack. We will be using porters to carry our equipment however they are limited in the amount each can carry. Heavy synthetic materials will be very limiting and could cause issues when packing up for the hike.

Clothing & Layering:  

2 pairs synthetic warm weather trekking socks – These socks are for trekking in the warmest part of the day since they are made of a Coolmax® fabric. What is Coolmax®? – CoolMax® wicks moisture, dries quickly and breathes well, keeping your feet dry and preventing blisters.


4 pairs heavier synthetic or wool blend  socks – Your wool socks are ideal for around camp when the temperature drops as well as on cold mornings. Merino wool is very comfortable and dries quickly with fewer odors than synthetic blends.


2 pairs long underwear top – This will be your base layer for colder mornings, evenings, and days where the temperature drops considerably. The material is lightweight, tight fitting, moisture wicking, and comfortable.


2 pairs long underwear bottom – This will be your bottom base layer for colder mornings, evenings, and days when the temperature drops considerably. The material is lightweight, tight fitting, moisture wicking, and comfortable.


Warm pants – These pants are ideal for evenings around the camp and cold days on the trail. Typically made of lightweight fleece and Wind Pro material, these pants should offer the added warmth in case of cold nights or high winds on the summit.


Fleece Top – This Polartec® 200 weight top will provide added warmth during the evenings as well as on cold morning starts. Please look for fleece material and stay away from cotton sweatshirts.  Ideally, this item is worn over the thermal base layer and underneath your water/wind proof jacket.

2 pairs Shorts/Pants for Hiking- These convertible shorts/pants will be what we hike in everyday. They should be of a lightweight, quick drying nylon material. Some come with UPF protection and mosquito protection.


2 pairs long or short sleeve shirts for the trail – Your trekking shirt is what we should wear early in the climb in warmer climates. The shirt is moisture wicking, light weight, and designed for multi-day hikes.


Mid-Layer Top – This shirt is a long sleeve version of the one provided above. The long sleeve trail shirt offers added warmth, more protection from the sun, and an additional layer for evenings and early morning starts.


Warm Hat – This fleece or wool hat is ideal for evenings and will be valuable in the event of cold weather and temperatures on the summit. The hat should be tight fitting with minimal loose ends.


Lightweight Gloves – Fleece gloves are essential. Look for gloves that are Polartec® 200 weight with a leather reinforced palm. For more protection wind proofing is available and will add an extra layer of warmth.


Balaclava – The balaclava provides added warmth on summit day and colder evening. The balaclava should be of synthetic or wool material, light weight, and close fitting.

Sun hat – Your sun hat should be worn at the lower camps and should provide ample coverage for the face. A full brimmed hat is good for added shade and increased sun protection. Additionally, a neck scarf should also be considered to protect the back of the neck”.


Waterproof breathable Gaiters – Your gaiters should be lightweight and durable. Look for Gore Tex lined with the ability to fit over your boots. Velcro or adjustable sides for easy access is recommended.

Down Jacket – 800 fill down jacket will add much need warmth for cold evenings as well as the added layers for summit day. Down is recommended for its compressibility and is comfortable around camp in the early nights on the climb. Patagonia, Mountain Hardware, Marmot, and North Face are brands the guides wear.


Things to Keep In Mind for Clothing

Less is more!!! It is important to bring the essential gear discussed above, but it is more important to refrain from bringing items that are not recommended. Items to stay away from are cotton socks, jeans, multiple pairs of shoes, and heavy sweatshirts. Look for items that are moisture wicking and quick drying fabrics as opposed to cotton fabrics.



Additional Items:

Head Lamp- Petzl® and Black Diamond® make several models of small and efficient head lamps. Look for ones that have multiple lighting levels, LED bulbs and uses AAA batteries.

Please bring at least 3 sets of spare batteries to ensure ample lighting on your summit attempt.


Camp shoes (Teva, Crocs, Sandals) – These are great for around camp after a long day on the trail. These can also be used for creek crossings that may be higher than the boot. Flip flops work well in warmer climates but are not as effective during cold nights.

Hydrator – Hydrators are ideal when hiking for several hours because they enable you to drink slowly and frequently. 2-3 liters is a good size and should fit easily into your pack. All Camelbaks® come with a bite valve, or on/off switch, as well as a large access port for filling.  You must bring a NEOPRENE SLEEVE for the hose to prevent freezing.


Bug Spray – DEET based products work well and we find that the spray on versions last longer and are less messy. 4-6 ounce repellents that are perspiration and splash resistant are great.


Sun Screen – 30 SPF or higher is recommended as well as water proof and sweat proof. 8 ounces will be plenty and we typically carry one with 45+ SPF for our faces and a 30 SPF for other exposed areas. Banana Boat, REI, Kinesis and All Terrain are good options.


2 wide mount water bottle – A 1 liter water bottle is essential for hydrating at lunch, around the camp, and refilling throughout the day. Stay away from glass and heavy metals and look for lexan® for durability.

For males a third water bottle should be considered for use as a potty at night and must be labeled accordingly.


Pillow– A Thermarest® pillow that compresses down or folds into itself is ideal. A good benchmark for size and weight are 18 X 14 inches and 9 ounces total.


Dry Bag – A 20 liter + dry bag is great for ensuring your personal items are safe in case of rain. Cameras, wallets, money, and any other valuables can be kept dry at all times.


Pack Cover – The pack cover is an additional item we recommend everyone carry in case we encounter heavy rains.  The pack cover should have a drawstring cord and elastic edges to fit firmly over your bag. A 40 liter cover will work well on any day pack.


Trekking Poles – Collapsible poles are great for steep downhill terrain and assistance up hill. If you have knee problems they reduce the impact on your joints by 20-30%. A nice soft foam grip will help prevent blisters and the poles with an aluminum shaft are durable and light weight.


Camp Towel – the camp towel should be of a polyester nylon blend that dries quickly and compacts tightly in your pack. The large (50 X 27 inches) is a good size and can be used to wash up at the end of the day. Stay away from house or beach towels.


Optional Items:

  • Camera
  •  Paperback book
  • Journal with pen or pencil
  • Person First Aid Kit (band aids, mole skin or second skin, Ibuprofen, Aspirin)
  • Hand sanitizer
  • Sani-wipes
  • Hand & feet warmers (2X) – Gel/ air activated are best
  • Bandanna
  • Cell phone (with solar charger e.g. solar monkey charger) since you tri and quad band phones work on Kilimanjaro
  • Flavored chocolate/energy bars for snacks
  • A supply or rehydrate sachets
  • 2 extra garbage bags for waterproofing and separating dirty laundry
  • Ear plugs
  • Ipod or MP3 player
  • Pocket knife
  • Water-flavoring to mask the iodine taste in the purified water



Layering InformationIn general, there are four types of layers:

Base Layer: The task of the base layer is to maintain a dry and comfortable microclimate next to your skin. The base layer will therefore absorb all the moisture from your skin and then spread it out over the surface of the base layer where it will be evaporated via the other clothing layers. Typical base layer fabrics are: CoolMax®, Polartec® PowerDry®, Wool, Patagonia®Capilene®.


Insulation Layer(s): This layer provides more warmth if the base layer and the shell layer do not provide enough insulation on their own. It traps small pockets of air in the fabric the insulation layer is made of which slows down the loss of heat. Typical insulation fabrics are: Polartec® Classics®,Berber pile, and Windstopper®.


Shell Layer: The shell layer provides protection from wind, rain, sleet, and snow, without allowing the build-up of condensation inside the clothing system. It protects while allowing moisture vapor to pass through. Shell fabrics are Gore-Tex, Hyvent, Aqua-Dry, and Dri-Lite.


‘Super’ Insulation Layer: It is enough for most people to have the first three layers. However, in extremely cold conditions, you will need to add a large amount of insulation as a fourth layer. Down and Polarguard can both be used for this layer. This layer is either worn as a shell layer or underneath the shell layer for added warmth on summit bids or high camps.

  • Items included:
    • Kilimanjaro trekking according to the itinerary
    • Professional, English-speaking guide
    • Mountain crew (cook & porters)
    • Overnight stays in hotels and mountain tents
    • Camping equipment (tents, sleeping mats, chairs, tables etc.)
    • Meals according to the itinerary
    • Drinking water
    • All national park fees
    • All mentioned transfer

Items excluded:

  • Sleeping bag
  • Flights
  • Alcoholic and soft drinks
  • Visa fees
  • Tips
  • Personal spending money for souvenirs etc.
  • Travel insurance
Please select a valid form


Tour Code: KET06C
Tour Duration:6 OR 7 DAYS
Group Size: 1 person and above
Special Category: Mount Treakking
Season: All Year Around
We consider last minutes booking basically for camping